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避毒简讯丨化学品安全议题的资讯播报08期

2021/9/23 21:41:49
01国内资讯

国内首次批准化妆品中塑料微珠的检测标准

国家标准全文公开系统 5.21

       2021年5月21日,国家标准化管理委员会发布了国家标准《化妆品中塑料微珠的测定》,自2021年9月1日起实施。

      文件规定了采用傅里叶变换红外光谱法、傅里叶变换显微红外光谱法测定化妆品中塑料微珠的原理、试剂和材料、仪器设备、试样处理、光谱测试、谱图分析和结果报告。

      此标准适用于化妆品中塑料微珠的测定,牙膏、香皂、洗衣液等其他日化产品可参照使用;不适用于彩妆类化妆品中塑料微珠的测定。

      此前,国家发改委发布了《产业结构调整指导目录(2019年本)》,其中第三类淘汰类中规定:“含塑料微珠的日化用品,到2020年12月31日禁止生产,到2022年12月31日禁止销售。”

注:塑料微珠即尺寸小于或等于5mm且不溶于水地固体塑料颗粒,是海洋污染的主要来源之一。


First Determination Standards of Plastic Microbead in Cosmetics Approved in China

Public System for National Standards of People’s Republic of China5.21

  On May 21, 2021, the Standardization Administration of China released a national standard, Determination of Plastic Microbead in Cosmetics, which will be into effect since Sept 1, 2021.

  The document standardizes the principle, reagents, materials, instruments, sample handling, spectrum testing, spectrum analyzing, and result reporting when using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR Spectroscopy) and Fourier Transform Infrared Microscopy (FTIR Microscopy) to measure the plastic microbeads in cosmetics.

  The standard applies to the measure of plastic microbeads in cosmetics and can be a reference for toothpaste, soaps, detergents, and other household and personal care products. It is not applicable for the measure of plastic microbead in makeup. 

  Previously, the National Development and Reform Commission issued the "2019 Guiding Catalog for Industrial Restructuring", which stipulates in the obsolete category: "Daily chemical products containing plastic microbeads are banned from production since December 31, 2020, and from sale since December 31, 2022."

  *A plastic microbead is defined as a tiny particle of plastic, smaller than five millimeters and insoluble in water. It is one of the significant sources of ocean pollution.

Link: http://openstd.samr.gov.cn/bzgk/gb/newGbInfo?hcno=05862A414526C947D91BE1C75094D180


台湾地区化妆品禁用成分清单即将实施

台湾卫生福利食品药物管理署6.17


       2021年6月17日,台湾卫生福利食品药物管理署发布公告,修正“化妆品禁止使用成分表”,增添254种成分,并修改41种成分。

       该成分表将于2021年7月1日起实施。即日起,凡含有此类成分之化妆品,不得输入、制造、贩卖、供应或陈列。


Revised List of Prohibited Ingredients in Taiwan Will Be into Effect

Taiwan Food and Drugs Administration6.17

  On June 17, 2021, Taiwan Food and Drug Administration released an announcement to revise the List of Prohibited Ingredients in Cosmetics, with 254 chemicals added and 41 chemicals revised.

  The revised list will be put into effect on July 1, 2021. After that, cosmetics that contain the listed chemicals are prohibited to import, manufacture, trade, supply, or exhibit.

Link: https://www.fda.gov.tw/TC/newsContent.aspx?cid=3&id=27129


生态环境部发布增补《中国现有化学物质名录》的公告

中华共和国生态环境部 6.18

       根据《新化学物质环境管理登记办法》(生态环境部令第12号)和《关于发布〈新化学物质环境管理登记指南〉及相关配套表格和填表说明的公告》(生态环境部公告2020年第51号)相关要求,现将255种符合要求的《新化学物质环境管理办法》(国家环境保护总局令第17号)下已登记新化学物质增补列入《中国现有化学物质名录》,并按现有化学物质管理。


特此公告。


生态环境部

2021年6月17日


Ministry of Ecological Environment Announced the Update of The Inventory of Existing Chemical Substance in China (IECSC)

from www.ccin.com.cn, May 28


  Per the Measures for Environmental Administration for New Chemical Substances (MEE Order No.12) and Notice on the Release of ls> (MEE Notice No.15, 2020) and its Supplemental Form and Instruction to the Form, another 255 substances, which have registered under Environmental Administration for New Chemical Substance (MEP Order No.17) and accord with the demands, are now listed in Inventory of Existing Chemical substance


Ministry of Ecological Environment


June 17, 2021  

   

Link: http://www.mee.gov.cn/xxgk2018/xxgk/xxgk01/202106/t20210623_841359.html


10种高毒农药十种高毒农药将在2024年底前被分批淘汰

新京报7.7

       7月6日,农业农村部在回复第十三届全国人大代表建议时指出,农业农村部高度重视农药监督管理,不断完善并落实农药特别是禁限用农药监管措施,预计将在2024年底前,分期分批淘汰现存的10种高毒农药,并加快中药材用药登记步伐。这10种高毒农药为甲拌磷、水胺硫磷、氧乐果、克百威、灭多威、灭线磷、甲基异柳磷、涕灭威、氯化苦、磷化铝。


10 Highly Toxic Pesticides will be Phased out Stage by Stage before End of 2024

BJNews7.7

  On July 6, in response to the suggestions made in the 13th National People’s Congress, Ministry of Agriculture said that it took regulation and supervision of pesticides seriously and would keep implanting and improving related regulatory rules on pesticides, especially the prohibited ones. It stated that 10 pesticides are to be phased out stage by stage before the end of 2024, and the administration process of traditional Chinese medicine materials will be accelerated. The 10 pesticides include phorate, Isocarbophos, omethoate, carbofuran, methomyl, ethoprophos, isofenphos-methyl, aldicarb, chloropicrin, and aluminum phosphide.


Link: https://www.bjnews.com.cn/detail/162562719614529.html


02国际资讯

研究发现塑料中25%的化学物质含潜在危害

美国合众社6.22

       据环境与科学技术期刊(Environmental Science and Technology)本周二发表的分析报告,塑料中存在的四分之一的化学物质都存在潜在危害。

       研究者在塑料中总共发现了10500种化学物质,其中2489种被用于包装、2429种用于纺织、2109种用于直接与食品接触的包装。

       还有超过500种化学物质被用于玩具以及医疗用品,其中有247种被用于口罩制造。

       数据显示在这约10500种塑料中发现的化学物质中,有2500左右种物质(24%)会在人和其他动物的体内累积,并且具有潜在的毒性和致癌性。

       又,这其中超过一半的化学物质在美国、欧盟、日本没有受到监管,而这些未受监管的化学物质中有超过900种被批准用于与食物直接接触的塑料。

        此外,有10%左右的具有潜在危害的化学物质缺少足够的研究资料。

       同样,由于危害分类资料的缺失,研究人员尚不能给发现的4100种(39%)物质分类。


Study: About 25% of chemicals in plastics are 'substances of potential concern'

United Press International6.22

  One-quarter of chemicals in plastics are "substances of potential concern," according to an analysis published Tuesday by the journal Environmental Science & Technology.

  They identified approximately 10,500 chemicals in plastic, including 2,489 used in packaging, 2,429 textiles, and 2,109 that come in contact with food as part of packaging.

  More than 500 of the chemicals are used in toys and medical devices, including 247 in masks.

  Of the roughly 10,500 chemicals in plastic, nearly 2,500, or 24%, are capable of accumulating in living organisms, including humans and animals, and are potentially toxic or cancer-causing, the data showed.

  In addition, more than half of these substances are not regulated in the United States, the European Union or Japan, where more than 900 of them are approved for use in food contact plastics, the researchers said.

  Moreover, research is lacking for about 10% of the identified substances of potential concern.

  The researchers were unable to categorize 4,100, or 39%, of the substances they identified due to a lack of "hazard classifications," they said.


Link: https://www.upi.com/Science_News/2021/06/22/plastic-chemicals-concern-study/1481624373287/


美国环保署在产业集团要求下将重新制定环氧乙烷的相关法规

The Hill6.22

       在一产业集团的请求下,美国环保署即将重新考量环氧乙烷——一种被吸入后可能有致癌性的化学物质——的相关法规。

       在去年,特朗普政府制定了有关环氧乙烷排放与泄露的相关法规。同时,美国化学理事会——一个代表化学品制造商的贸易团体,请愿环保署重新考量它对环氧乙烷的风评系统,并考虑采用德克萨斯州环境质量委员会制定,并经过严格评审的方法来重新为环氧乙焕做风险评估。

      拜登执政后的环保署在它的最新告知函中表示会批准产业集团的请求。通过公众咨询期后已经确定了德克萨斯风评标准的使用,而环境署也非常关注环氧乙烷可能带来的健康危害,需要以更严格的标准对它进行管理。


EPA to review part of ethylene oxide regulation after industry request

The Hill6.22

   The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) will reconsider decisions underlying a rule governing emissions of ethylene oxide, a chemical the EPA currently says is carcinogenic if it is inhaled, following a request from an industry group.

   Last year, the Trump administration finalized the rule regulating emissions and leaks of ethylene oxide from industry. At the time, the American Chemistry Council (ACC), a trade group representing chemical manufacturers, petitioned the EPA to both reconsider its risk information system value for ethylene oxide and to consider the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality’s (TCEQ’s) peer-reviewed assessment on ethylene oxide (EO).

  In its new letter, the Biden EPA said that it was granting the industry request because the Texas risk value was finalized after the rule’s comment period closed and because the risk posed by the chemical is of central relevance to EPA’s determination and that more stringent standards are required.


Link: https://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/559700-epa-to-review-part-of-cancer-linked-chemical-regulation-after


韩国政府对日化产品的安全管控日渐严格

Reach24h 6.29

       2020年12月至2021年2月,韩国环境部对日用化学品安全状况进行了调查,环境部表示已禁止生产和进口超过有害物质含量标准或未经安全认证标准确认和通报程序就进行售卖的有27个品类、132个日用化学产品。

       132个违规产品中,19个产品超过有毒物质标准,3个产品与批准的内容不同。110个产品未在上市前进行安全性检查或报告。

       环境部要求韩国网上购物协会和韩国商工会议对这批违规产品进行管制,以禁止这些违规产品再次在市场上流通。且本次发现的违规产品的详细信息可在 Green Nuri 网站(生活环境安全信息系统,ecolife.me.go.kr)上找到。环境部将继续对违反安全和标签标准的产品进行监测,防止日化产品对消费者造成损害,并对违法产品采取禁止生产、进口、召回令、控告等行政措施。


South Korea Government More Stringent on Safety Control of the Household and Personal Care Products

Reach24h 6.29

  From December 2020 to February 2021, South Korea’s Ministry of Environment (MoE) investigated safety level of household and personal care products. MoE claimed that it has prohibited the manufacture and the import of 132 household and personal care products belonging to 27 categories, which contained excessive toxic substances or were traded without certification and permission per the safety standard.

  Among the 132 unqualified products, 19 contained excessive toxic substances, 3 are not consistent with their permitted version, and 110 did not go through the safety evaluation or gained the safety report. 

  MoE requested the South Korea Online Shopping Association and the Korea Chamber of Commerce and Industry to regulate these unqualified products, preventing them from flowing back into the market. More information on these products can be found on the website of Green Nuri (The Living Environment Safety Information, ecolife.me.go.kr). MoE will keep monitoring the products that violate the safety standard and the labeling standard, protecting consumers from harm, and will impose administrative measures on the unqualified products, such as prohibiting manufacture and import, recalling, and charging. 


Link: https://www.reach24h.com/about-reach24h/company-news/1067-regulatory-updates-of-the-4th-week-in-june-2021.html


REACH SVHC已正式更新至219项

欧洲化学品管理局7.8

       2021年7月8日,欧洲化学品管理局(ECHA)正式公布REACH法规第25批SVHC候选物质,将8项物质加入到SVHC候选清单。至此,SVHC候选清单共包括25批219项物质。

       这8种物质为:1,4-二恶烷、2,2-双(溴甲基) -1,3-丙二醇(BMP)、三溴新戊醇/3-溴-2,2-二溴乙基丙醇(TBNPA)2,3-二溴丙醇(2,3-DBPA)、2-(4-叔丁基苄基)丙醛及其立体异构体、2,2-二(4-羟基苯基)丁烷(双酚B)、戊二醛、中链氯化石蜡 (MCCP)、语硼酸钠盐文、烷基酚(碳链)。


REACH SVHC Updated Candidate List of Substances of Very High Concern

European Chemicals Agency7.8

  On July 8, 2021, European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) officially published the 25th group of substances added to the Candidate List of Substance of Very High Concern (SVHC) under REACH, having 8 new added substances. Up until now, the SVHC Candidate List contains 219 chemicals.

The 8 entries added to the Candidate List are:

1,4-dioxane

Medium-chain chlorinated paraffins (MCCP) 

2,2-bis(bromomethyl)propane1,3-diol (BMP); 2,2-dimethylpropan-1-ol, tribromo derivative/3-bromo-2,2-bis(bromomethyl)-1-propanol (TBNPA); 2,3-dibromo-1-propanol (2,3-DBPA)

4,4'-(1-methylpropylidene)bisphenol

Orthoboric acid, sodium salt

2-(4-tert-butylbenzyl)propionaldehyde and its individual stereoisomers

Glutaral

Phenol, alkylation products (mainly in para position) with C12-rich branched alkyl chains from oligomerisation, covering any individual isomers and/ or combinations thereof (PDDP)


Link: https://echa.europa.eu/candidate-list-table