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避毒简讯丨化学品安全议题的资讯播报10期

2021/9/23 23:25:10

01国内资讯


国家药品监督管理局发布《化妆品安全风险监测计划》

Reach24h    8.3

       7月5日,国家药监局发布了《2021年下半年国家化妆品安全风险监测计划》的通知 (以下简称计划)。 

     《计划》旨在对影响化妆品质量安全的风险因素进行监测和评价,为制定化妆品质量安全风险控制措施和标准、开展化妆品抽样检验提供科学依据。2021年下半年化妆品安全风险监测工作计划采集样品约1100批次,涵盖18个品类、5种物质 (重金属、激素、抗生素、微生物、防腐剂等) 和4个渠道。


National Medical Products Administration released the Cosmetics Safety and Risk Monitoring Plan

Reach24h    8.3

  On July 5, National Medical Products Administration released the notice announcing National Cosmetics Safety and Risk Monitoring Plan for the second half of 2021 (hereinafter referred to as the Plan).

  The Plan aims to monitor and evaluate the risk factors influencing quality and safety of cosmetics in order to provide a scientific basis for the development of cosmetic quality and safety risk control measures and standards and to carry out cosmetic sampling and testing. National Cosmetics Safety and Risk Monitoring Plan for the second half of 2021 is to collect about 1,100 batches of samples, covering 18 categories, 5 substances (heavy metals, hormones, antibiotics, microorganisms, preservatives, etc.) and 4 channels. 


Link: 

https://www.reach24h.com/about-reach24h/company-news/1072-regulatory-updates-of-the-1st-week-in-august-2021.html


香港修订了“食品内有害物质规例”

Reach24h    8.3

       2021年7月14日,香港的“2021年食物内有害物质(修订)规例”正式通过。部分氢化油(PHO)相关规定将于2023年12月1日开始生效,其他各项规定将于2023年6月1日开始生效。

以下是修正案带来的主要变化:

  1. 更新了三种食品有害物质(即黄曲霉毒素、脱氧雪腐镰刀菌烯醇及棒曲霉素)和确定了五种新的食品有害物质(苯并[a]芘、缩水甘油脂肪酸酯、三聚氰胺、氯丙二醇及芥酸)在食用油脂、调味品和拟供婴儿食用的配方产品中的最高含量。

  2. 将部分氢化油(即工业生产的反式脂肪酸的主要来源)列为食物中的违禁物质。


Hong Kong Revises Harmful Substances in Food Regulation

Reach24h    8.3

  On July 14, 2021, Hong Kong officially passed Harmful Substances in Food Regulation (revised). Part of the regulations on hydrogenated oils (PHO) will take effect since December 1, 2023. Other regulations will take effect since June 1, 2023.

The major changes in the revision are:

  1. Update the maximum levels of three food toxic substances (aflatoxin, deoxynivalenol, and bacitracin) and determine the maximum levels of five new food toxic substances (benzo[a]pyrene, glycidyl fatty acid esters, melamine, 3-MCPD, and erucic acid) in edible oils and fats, condiments and formula products intended for infant consumption.

  2. List partially hydrogenated oils (i.e., the main source of industrially-produced trans-fatty acids) as prohibited substances in food.


Link: 

https://www.reach24h.com/about-reach24h/company-news/1072-regulatory-updates-of-the-1st-week-in-august-2021.html


国内将推行新的危险化学品登记信息管理系统

Reach24h    8.3

2021年7月21日,广东省在全国率先试行化学品登记综合服务系统。对新版系统来说,现行的物质登记范围以及申请程序没有变,但新版系统需要更多的数据,如企业和人员的详细信息等,以推动全国范围内的大数据分析。新版系统目前仅在广东省试点,其他省市仍使用原来的国家危险化学品登记信息管理系统。如果试点成功,新版系统将在全国推行。


China will implement new Hazardous Chemical Registration Information Management System

Reach24h    8.3

  On July 5, National Medical Products  On July 21, 2021, Guangdong Province took the lead in China in piloting a comprehensive service system for chemical registration. For the new version of the system, the current scope of substance registration, as well as application procedures, remain unchanged, but the new version of the system requires more data such as detailed information of enterprises and related workers to facilitate nationwide big data analysis. The new version of the system is currently being piloted only in Guangdong Province while other provinces and cities are still using the original national information management system for registration of hazardous chemicals. When the pilot has been proved successful here in Guangdong, the new version of the system will be implemented nationwide.


Link: 

https://www.reach24h.com/about-reach24h/company-news/1072-regulatory-updates-of-the-1st-week-in-august-2021.html


生态环境部将HFCs削减计划纳入《中国逐步淘汰消耗臭氧层物质国家方案》

Reach24h    8.3

       2021年7月26日上午,生态环境部召开7月例行新闻发布会。发布会谈到,我国在未来将会以不懈的努力去促进《基加利修正案》的顺利实施,其中对HFCs(氢氟碳化物)管控方面主要有以下安排。

  1. 将HFCs管控纳入国内法律法规体系

  2. 将HFCs削减计划纳入《中国逐步淘汰消耗臭氧层物质国家方案》

  3. 建立和实施HFCs进出口许可证制度

  4. 研究出台三氟甲烷(HFC-23)管控政策

*氯氟碳化合物被用于冰箱及空调制冷剂等,会导致温室效应。


Ministry of Ecology and Environment of China Includes HFCs Reduction Plan into National Program for the Phase-out of Ozone-depleting 

Reach24h    8.3

On July 5, National Medical Products 

  In the morning of July 26, 2021, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment of China launched out routine press conference (July). At the conference, it was mentioned that the country will work tirelessly in the future to promote the smooth implementation of the Kigali Amendment. The plans for the regulation on HFCs are as follows:

  1. Including the regulation of HFCs into the country’s legal and regulatory system

  2. Including HFCs Reduction Plan into National Program for the Phase-out of Ozone-depleting Substances

  3. Establishing and implementing an import and export licensing system for HFCs

  4. Exploring and introducing new HFC-23 control policies

* Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) are used as refrigerants in refrigerators and air conditioners, etc., and contribute to the greenhouse effect.


Link: 

https://www.reach24h.com/about-reach24h/company-news/1072-regulatory-updates-of-the-1st-week-in-august-2021.html



02国际资讯


韩国环境部发布了有毒,限制,违禁和授权物质规定数量的修正案

Reach24h    8.10

2021年7月5日,韩国环境部通过环境部No.2021-134号公告宣布,更新有毒,限制,违禁和授权物质规定数量且立即生效。更新主要包括:

  1. 更新之前指定的三种有毒物质(No. 97-1-9 [铅], [铅化合物], 97-1-423 [二苯甲烷-4,4'-二异氰酸酯], [亚甲基二苯基二异氰酸酯], 和 2017-1-762 [d-柠檬烯; d/l-柠檬烯])的具体内容;

  2. 新增今年2月和6月被评估指定为有毒化学物质的48种物质(No.2021-1-1009~2021-1-1056)的允许上下限。

详细物质信息见:

http://www.kcma.or.kr/sub_info/info_4_1.asp?b_name=me_news01&mode=read&IDX=6519


South Korea Ministry of Environment Published the Revised Regulation on Quantity of Toxic, Restricted, Banned and Authorized Substances

Reach24h    8.10

On July 5, 2021, Notice No. 2021-134 released by South Korea Ministry of Environment claimed the amendment of Regulation on Quantity of Toxic, Restricted, Banned, and Authorized Substances, which will take effect immediately. The revision includes:

  1. Update the specifics of the three previously designated toxic substances (Nos. 97-1-9 [Lead], [Lead compounds]), 97-1-423 [Diphenylmethane 4,4'-diisocyanate], [Methylene diphenyl diisocyanate]), and 2017-1-762 [d-Limonene; d/l-Limonene])

  2. Add the permissible upper and lower limits for 48 substances (No.2021-1-1009~2021-1-1056) that were evaluated and designated as toxic chemical substances in February and June of this year.

More information can be found on:

http://www.kcma.or.kr/sub_info/info_4_1.asp?b_name=me_news01&mode=read&IDX=6519


Link: 

https://www.reach24h.com/about-reach24h/company-news/1073-regulatory-updates-of-the-2nd-week-in-august-2021.html


日本扩大化学物质SDS和GHS标签的适用范围

Reach24h    8.3

       2021年7月19日,日本厚生劳动省(MHLW)在官网上正式公开了关于工作场所中化学物质等的管理方式的讨论会总结报告。官方统计显示,近年来发生由化学品危害导致停工4天以上(含4天)的工伤中,有54%是这些非强制提供SDS/标签的物质导致的。因此,报告提出今后将GHS标签、SDS的适用范围将扩大至所有具有危害分类的化学物质。


Japan Expanding the Application of SDS and GHS Label

Reach24h    8.3

  On July 19, 2021, the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare (MHLW) officially released the summary report of the seminar on the way to manage chemical substances in the workplace, etc. on its official website. Official statistics show that in recent years, among the cases of workplace injury caused by chemical hazards that lead to absence from work of 4 days or more, 54% were caused by these substances without mandatory SDS/labeling for chemical hazards. Therefore, the report proposes the expansion of application of GHS labels and SDS to all chemical substances with hazard classification in the future.


Link: 

https://www.reach24h.com/about-reach24h/company-news/1072-regulatory-updates-of-the-1st-week-in-august-2021.html


泰国禁止在婴儿食品中用大麻二酚(CBD)

Reach24h    8.10

2021上半年,泰国批准在特定条件下将大麻和大麻植物的非成瘾性部分(包括大麻籽、油和蛋白质)应用于食品,并发布了相应的产品质量要求。2021年7月,泰国公共健康部公布了第4271和第4282号通知,规定了禁止生产、进口或销售的五类含大麻或大麻成分的食品,这五类食品分别为

  1. 婴儿配方食品和婴幼儿配方成长食品;

  2. 婴儿调制乳粉和婴幼儿配方调制乳粉;

  3. 婴幼儿辅助食品;

  4. 含咖啡因的饮料;

  5. 部门规定的其他食品。


Thailand Prohibits the Use of CBD in Baby Food

Reach24h    8.10

In the first half of 2021, Thailand approved the use of non-addictive parts of cannabis and hemp plants (including hemp seed, oil and protein) in food products under certain conditions and issued corresponding product quality requirements. In July 2021, Thailand’s Ministry of Public Health (MOPH) unveiled notification No. 4271 and No. 4282, detailing the usage of cannabis components in 5 categories of food. The five categories are:

  1. Infant formula food and infant growth formula food

  2. Infant milk powder and infant formula milk powder

  3. Infant and toddler supplementary food

  4. Caffeinated beverages

  5. Other food products specified by the department


Link: 

https://www.reach24h.com/about-reach24h/company-news/1073-regulatory-updates-of-the-2nd-week-in-august-2021.html


欧盟计划修订化学品危险等级分类、标签、以及包装的相关法规

欧盟委员会8.10

     (欧盟)此次公开咨询是希望征询不同利益相关方和公民的对于CLP(Classification 分类,Labeling 标签,Packaging包装)法规的修改意见(法规No 1272/2008,化学物质和混合物的分类、标签和包装相关)。本次修订由化学品可持续性发展战略于2020年10月4日宣布。修订的目的是为了加强欧盟内化学品的使用安全和简化现有的CLP相关规定。

      您可以电子问卷的形式参与此次咨询。如不方便填写问卷,也可以通过邮件联系我们。邮箱地址为:

ENV-CLP-revision@ec.europa.eu。


咨询期的开放时间为2021年8月9日至2021年11月15日零点(布鲁塞尔时间)。


Revision of EU legislation on hazard classification, labelling and packaging of chemicals

European Commission8.10

  This consultation (EU) aims to seek views from different stakeholders and citizens on the revision of the CLP Regulation (Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 on the classification, labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures). The revision of the CLP Regulation was announced by the Chemicals Strategy for Sustainability adopted on 14 October 2020. The objective of this targeted revision is to improve in the EU the safe use of chemicals and to simplify existing CLP rules.

  You can contribute to this consultation by filling in the online questionnaire. If you are unable to use the online questionnaire, please contact us using the email address ENV-CLP-revision@ec.europa.eu

  The feedback period is open from 09 August 2021 to 15 November 2021 (midnight Brussels time).


Link: 

https://ec.europa.eu/info/law/better-regulation/have-your-say/initiatives/12975-Revision-of-EU-legislation-on-hazard-classification-labelling-and-packaging-of-chemicals/public-consultation_en


塑料微粒:偷渡金属的特洛伊木马

Phys.org8.10

      塑料微粒即直径小于5毫米的的微小塑料颗粒。来自全世界的科学家已经证实如今环境中的塑料颗粒无处不在并且具有高耐久性。当较大的塑料在海洋中被粉碎,或者当陆地上的塑料通过废水流入河流最终汇入大海,塑料微粒就这样产生了。高浓度的塑料颗粒具有毒性。另外,它们还会累积、转移、并且释放其他污染物。

      Helmholtz-Zentrum Hereon海岸环境化学研究所的最新研究显示,除此之外,塑料微粒也会成为帮助金属入侵人体的“特洛伊木马”。

      这个研究团队研究了45中金属和半金属在聚乙烯和聚对苯二甲酸乙二醇酯的累积性。这两种塑料的应用面很广:大多数购物袋由聚乙        烯制成(4号塑料, LDPE),而大部分塑料水瓶是由聚对苯二甲酸乙二醇酯(1号塑料, PET)制成。

Hereon的科学家发现承载有金属或半金属的塑料微粒会在特定的化学环境下——比如模拟消化道的环境——近乎完全释放出这些金属物质。“研究结果提供了重要的依据证明塑料微粒在被人体吸收后,会成为金属的特洛伊木马,协助它们进一步侵入人体器官。“本研究报告的第一作者Lars Heldebrandt如是说。


Microplastics: A trojan horse for metals

Phys.org8.10

  Microplastics are tiny plastic particles less than five millimeters (0.2 inches) in diameter. Scientists worldwide have already demonstrated the alarming ecological ubiquity and longevity of plastic particles. They develop in part when larger plastic components break apart in the sea or wind up in the rivers and subsequently in the ocean directly from wastewater stemming from land. Microplastics are toxic in very high concentrations. In addition, they can also accumulate, transport and release other pollutants.

  Recent study from the Institute of Coastal Environmental Chemistry at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Hereon shows that the microplastics can also be a trojan horse for metals in human body.

  The team studied the accumulation of fifty-five different metals and semi-metals on polyethylene and polyethylene terephthalate particles. These two kinds of plastics have a wide range of application: Most shopping bags are made of polyethylene (recycling code 4, LDPE), and most plastic drinking bottles are made of polyethylene terephthalate (recycling code 1, PET).

  The Hereon scientists could show that the particles loaded with metals or semi-metals almost completely released the respective metal contents again under chemical conditions, such as those that prevail in the digestive tract. "The results provide important evidence that microplastic particles, when absorbed by the body, act as a type of trojan horse for metals and that these metals can possibly be introduced into organisms to a greater extent in that way," says Lars Heldebrandt, the first author of this study.


Link: 

https://phys.org/news/2021-08-microplastics-trojan-horse-metals.html


美国海洋及大气管理局研究显示:除臭剂、防晒霜以及其他芳香产品中的化学物质为大气污染的主要来源

费城询问报8.12

      美国海洋及大气管理局(NOAA)的最新研究发现个人护理产品可能是城区过半的挥发性有机污染物(VOCs)的来源。

      VOCs是一类碳化合物,并且是地面臭氧的主要构成。汽车、发电厂、工业锅炉、精制厂、化工厂等曾为被认为是这类污染物的主要来源。但是,据美国国家科学院院刊本周发表的研究,挥发性化学产品(VCPs)才应为城区大部分石油化工VOCs负责。研究锁定了曼哈顿,并在那里发现2018年空气样本中的VOCs近一半都产自会释放挥发性化学物质的产品。

      本次研究是基于早些时候环境科学与技术期刊上发表的另一篇报告。报告在消费品(包括颜料和清洁剂)中发现了VCPs。研究发现在曼哈顿超过四分之三的VOCs来自于VCPs。相对的,只有五分之一来源于公共交通。


Chemicals from deodorant, sun block, other fragrant products amount to major air pollution, says NOAA study

The Philadelphia Inquirer8.12

  The new research from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) found that personal care products can generate half or more of the volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in an urban area. 

  VOCs, a class of carbon compounds, are a primary ingredient in forming ground-level ozone. Pollutants emitted by cars, power plants, industrial boilers, refineries, chemical plants, and other sources are often cited as the chief cause. However, volatile chemical products (VCPs) are now responsible for much of the petrochemical VOCs emitted in major urban areas, according to the findings published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. The research looked closely at Manhattan and found about half of VOCs collected from air samples in 2018 could be attributed to products that produce volatile chemicals.

  The study built on another report published earlier this year in Environmental Science & Technology that found VCPs in consumer products, which also included paints and cleaners. That research found that more than three-quarters of VOCs in Manhattan, compared with about one-fifth for transportation, were generated by VCPs.


Link: 

https://www.inquirer.com/science/climate/noaa-pollution-ozone-sunscreen-20210803.html