你的位置:首页 > 资料库 > 避毒简讯

【避毒简讯】2019年7月-2019年8月

2019-11-2 22:30:01


国内新闻

CHINA NEWS

图片来源:昵图网


江西兴氟化工发生氢氟酸泄漏

7月26日,江西省兴国县工业园区内的兴国兴氟化工有限公司发生的氢氟酸泄漏事故。7月26日15时30分左右,新国线县政府接到兴国县兴氟化工有限公司报告,该公司氢氟酸三期生产线发生少量氢氟酸泄漏。情况发生后,该公司立即组织应急队伍进行现场处置,并在第一时间通知疏散了周边群众。7月27日,兴国县应急管理局指出,由于现场处置方法及时、得当,泄漏得到全面控制,事故未造成人员伤亡。


Jiangxi Xinfu Chemical Industry Happened to Leak Hydrofluoric Acid

On July 26, a hydrofluoric acid leakage accident occurred in Xinguo Xinfu Chemical Industry corporation Ltd of the industrial park of Xinguo County, Jiangxi Province. Around 3.30 PM Juy 26, Xinguo Line County government received the report from Xinguo Xinfu Chemical Industry corporation Ltd. The phase three production line of the corporation happened to leak a small amount of hydrofluoric acid. After that happened, the corporation immediately organized an emergency team to handle the situation and evacuated the surrounding people for the first time. On July 27, the emergency management bureau of Xinguo County said that due to the timely and proper arrangement of the accident site, the leakage has been fully controlled, and the accident has not caused any death. 


图片来源:新浪网


市场监管总局通报8批次不合格食品,涉及家乐福、沃尔玛等企业

7月16日,据界面新闻报道,近期,市场监管总局组织食品安全监督抽检,发现食用农产品、淀粉及淀粉制品、冷冻饮品、水果制品、调味品5类食品共8批次样品不合格,检出农兽药残留、微生物超标、重金属污染等问题。其中,昆明家乐福超市、广西北海润福商业有限公司、广西南宁润平商业有限公司、江西步步高商业连锁有限责任公司销售的食物产品存在农兽药残留问题,福建新华都综合百货有限公司销售的产品铅含量不符合食品安全国家标准规定。


The Market Surveillance Bureau Notified that There are 8 Batches of Unqualified Food, Involving Incorporations Such as Carrefour, Wal-Mart 

On July 16, according to Jiemian News, recently, the market surveillance bureau has launched a sampling inspection on food security, discovering that among 5 kinds of food products, i.e. edible agricultural products, starch, starch-made products, frozen drinks, fruits, and flavourings, there are 8 batches of samples that are not qualified. The problems include residue of veterinary drugs, excess of microorganism, and pollution of heavy metal, etc. Furthermore, Kunming Carrefour supermarket, Guangxi Beihai Runfu Business Incorporation, Guangxi Nanning Runping Business Incorporation, Jiangxi Bubugao Interlocked Incorporation were found to sell food that contains residue of veterinary drugs, Fujian Xinhuadu Department Store Incorporation Ltd. sell products that have excessive amount of lead content. 

拉图蓝乔13批次疑似塑化剂核桃油召回!厂商互掐再升级

7月15日,风靡国内妈妈圈的法国拉图蓝乔核桃油中国经销商千麦实业发布停售紧急通知,称在产品自查中有2批次核桃油检出邻苯二甲酸酯类物质(俗称“塑化剂”)残留。作为品牌方的绿十字油公司随后反击,称产品符合中法两国标准,千麦实业从未取得合法授权,并公布双方的商标纠纷,疑引出“反目”内情。


7月17日,上海市静安区市场监管局公告称,千麦实业销售的拉图蓝乔核桃油非婴幼儿专用产品,责令下架召回。专家表示,“塑化剂”残留可能来自产品包装,残留量通常不会危害健康。但核桃油并没有益智功能,拉图蓝乔有虚假宣传的嫌疑,家长在选择婴幼儿食品时保持理性。


Latourangelle Recalled 13 walnut oil products that may have plasticiser! Manufacturers’ battle has leveled up

On July 15, Chinese supplier Qianmaishiye of the moms’ favourite Latourangelle walnut oil products posted emergency off-sale notification, claiming that during the self-speculation, 2 batches of Walnut oil were founded to have the residue of Phthalates (as known as ‘plasticiser’). As a party of the brand, Green Cross Oil Company later argued that the product conform to the standards of both China and France, and Qianmaishiye has never obtained legal authorisation. The company also disclosed their brand label disputes, and susceptibly revealed the truth of ‘falling out’. 


On July 17, Shanghai Jinan Market Surveillance Bureau posted that the Latourangelle walnut oil is not baby used product, and require the corporation to off-shelf and recall the products. The experts said that the residue of ‘plasticiser’ may come from the product packages, and volume of residue usually does not threat health. However, the walnut oil does not have IQ enhancing function, therefore Latourangelle is suspected to do false propaganda. The parents shall keep rational while choosing baby food products. 

    



织物凉席调查:部分婴幼儿凉席甲醛超标 你家的凉席“躺***”了吗?

近两年,市场上流行起一种新型的凉席,也就是用棉、麻或者合成纤维织成的“织物凉席”,然而,这种凉席在带来凉爽的同时,也存在着一些质量问题。8月,上海市消费者保护委员会进行了织物凉席的比较试验,70批次样品中,12批次分别存在纤维含量与明示不符、pH值或甲醛含量超标等问题,29件织物凉席样品产品使用说明标注不完整或不规范。值得注意的是,涉及甲醛和pH值这些安全指标超标的,大都是婴幼儿产品。


Fabric Cool Mat Investigation: Formaldehyde in Some Baby Used Cool Mat has Exceeded the Standard. Is Your Mat on the List? 

In the recent two years, a new type of cool mat, namely the fabric cool mat, which is weaved by cotton, hemp, or synthetic fiber, has become popular on the market. This kind of mat can bring you coolness, however, it also has lots of quality problems. In August, Shanghai Consumer Protection Committee conducted a comparative experiment upon fabric cool mats. Among 70 batches of the samples, 12 batches have the problems that the fabric content does not conform to the given information, and the PH level or formaldehyde content exceeds the standard. 29 fabric mats sampling products have incomplete or irregular user instructions. What’s more, the products involving formaldehyde and ph level problems are mostly for babies. 


广东曝光8批次糕点抽查不合格!一批次港荣蒸蛋糕丙二醇超标

7月31日,据佛山新闻网报道,广东省市场监督管理局发布关于10批次食品不合格情况的通告。通告显示,8批次糕点样品抽查不合格,腊树湾、欣欣、心华、港荣等品牌上榜。4批次蛋糕丙二醇超标,昆山润华商业有限公司等公司销售的蛋糕丙二醇检出值分别为3.98g/kg、3.58g/kg、5.07g/kg,揭阳市港荣食品发展有限公司生产的抹茶蒸蛋糕丙二醇检出值为3.55g/kg。而标准规定,糕点中丙二醇的检出标准值为3.0g/kg。


Guangdong Expose 8 Batches of Pastries that are Not Qualified in Sampling Inspection. Propylene Glycol in One Batch of Kongrong Steamed Cake Has Exceeded the Standard 

On July 31, according to Foshan News Net, Guangdong Market Surveillance and Governance Bureau posted the notification on which 10 batches of food is not qualified. The notification suggests that 8 batches of pastries are not qualified in the sampling inspection, including brands such as Lashuwan, Xinxin, Xinhua, Kongrong. Propylene Glycol in 4 batches of cake has exceeded the standards. The Propylene Glycol levels in the 3 cake products from several companies, e.g. Kunshan Runhua Business Corporation Ltd Zhongshanxiaolan Branch Company, were tested to be 3.98g/kg, 3.58g/kg, 5.07g/kg respectively. Propylene Glycol level in matcha steamed cake from Jieyang Kongrong Food Development Corporation Ltd was tested to be 3.55g/kg. However, the standard regulates that Propylene Glycol tested in pastries shall not exceed 3.0g/kg. 


废电池是否该回收?民间环保组织们的共识!

7月24日下午,由零废弃联盟、深圳零废弃(无毒先锋)组织,国内多家环保NGO共同参与的“废电池该不该回收”内部研讨会在北京举行。


研讨会开始由零废弃联盟谢新源做背景介绍,然后来自不同领域的人士进行分享。环保组织深圳零废弃 (无毒先锋)毛达博士重点介绍了国内外废电池回收政策。中南大学叶华老师介绍了常见家用废电池的品类、成分、危害和潜在资源收益。上海电力大学张俊喜讲解了废电池的回收工艺。广东邦普循环科技有限公司的黄经理通过手机语音形式介绍我国现有废电池贮存、处理企业和回收条件。北京东华鑫馨废旧电池回收公司王自新介绍了废电池回收实践及遇到的问题。


Should the Used Batteries be Recycled? The Common Views of Public Environmental Organisations! 

In the afternoon of July 24, an internal seminar, as known as 'Whether the Used Batteries Should Be Recycled?', held by Zero Waste Alliance, Shenzhen Zero Waste (Toxic-Free China), was held in Beijing. 

At the beginning of the seminar, Xie Xinyuan from Zero Waste Alliance introduced the background. Later people from different fields shared their views. Dr. Mao Da from Shenzhen Zero Waste focused on the international and domestic recycling policies of used batteries. Teacher Ye Hua from Zhongnan University introduced the categories, contents, harms, and potential resource interests of the used batteries commonly used at home. Through a mobile phone voice call, Zhang Junxi from Shanghai University of Electric Power talked about the recycling techniques of used batteries. Director Huang from Guangdong Bangpu Recycling Technology Corporation Ltd. introduced the existing storage, management corporations, and recycling conditions of the used batteries in China. Wang Zixing from Beijing Donghua Xinxin Used Batteries Recycling Company introduced the practices and problems of the used batteries recycling. 



牙科银汞合金材料在我国的使用情况研讨会

8月15日,自然田、深圳零废弃(无毒先锋),以及中华环保联合会和绿发会,共同组织了当前我国部分地区牙科银汞合金使用情况的研讨会。研讨会介绍了牙科银汞合金材料的用途、全国使用情况、替换建议、甲基汞的危害等等。


根据调研情况,北京这样的一线城市已几乎不再使用银汞材料,云南、甘肃、青海等非一线城市的私营诊所仍在使用银汞材料。北大口腔医院专家郑树国介绍称,经常需要做脑部检查的使用者,可以将银汞合金材料替换掉。然而,每种口腔材料都有缺点,最好的办法就是加强对龋齿的预防。



Seminar: The Usage Situation of the Dental Amalgam in China. 


On August 15, a seminar discussing the usage situation of dental amalgam in some Chinese regions was held by  Natural Fields, Shenzhen Zero Waste (Toxic-Free China), All-China Environmental Federation, and China Biodiversity Conservation and Green Development Foundation. The seminar introduced the usage of dental amalgam, national usage situation, replacement suggestions, and the harms of methyl mercury. 


According to the investigation, in first-tier cities like Beijing, dental amalgam has almost been abandoned, while in non-first-tier cities in regions like Yunnan, Gansu, Qinghai, some private clinics still adopt dental amalgam. Expert Zhen Shuguo from Beijing University Dental Hospital introduced that, dental patients that always take brain inspection can replace the dental amalgam with other materials. However, every kind of dental material has its disadvantages. Therefore, the best approach is to enhance the prevention from dental decay. 


河南义马气化厂爆炸

7月19日17时45分,河南省三门峡市河南能源化工集团义马气化厂空气分离车间发生爆炸事故。当地官方通报称,截至7月21日17时45分,爆炸已导致15人死亡,多人受伤。从事故后果严重程度来看,事故原因可能不是简单的物理爆炸,大概率是化学爆炸,或者是物理爆炸触发的化学爆炸。不过,目前还不能对事故原因轻易下结论,还有其他可能的原因,如氧气管道内油污导致的爆炸等技术原因。


Henan Yiwu Gas Chemical Industry Explosion 

At 17. 45, July 19, air separation workplace of Yiwu Gas Chemical Industry, which is one part of Henan Energy Chemical Group from Henan Sanmanxia city, happened to have explosion accident. As official notification claims, until 17.45, July 21, the explosion has resulted in 15 people’s death, and many injuries. From the severity of the accident, the causes may not be simple physical explosion. It may largely caused by chemical explosion, or physical explosion led chemical explosion. However, the conclusion of the accident causes cannot be easily drawn at the moment. There might be other causes, such as technical causes by oil residue in the oxygen piping. 


国际新闻

INTERNATIONAL NEWS

空气污染正让大脑越来越焦虑

世界卫生组织的数据显示,室外空气污染每年导致数百万人过早死亡。时间一长,吸入体内的雾霾微粒便可能引发心血管与肺部疾病,如肺癌和中风等。这些空气污染物对大脑也可能造成同样严重的影响。过去十几年来,无论是在动物还是人类身上,无论是在实验室还是现实世界中,都显示空气污染与大脑相关疾病之间存在关联,如焦虑、注意力缺乏、记忆力下降等等,且儿童似乎格外容易受到影响。


之前,科学家还考察过环芳香烃暴露对胎儿的影响,结果发现,环芳香烃暴露程度更高的儿童的大脑左半球的白质体积普遍较小,白质体积较小往往伴随更外化的行为、注意力不足过动症、以及较慢的信息处理速度等症状。

Air Pollution Gets Into Your Brain, and Scientists Want to Know What It's Doing to You


首例电子烟致死案例在美国出现

美国疾病防治中心(CDC)就此发表声明称,他们正在调查7月28日至8月20日之间,电子烟使用者报道的193例严重肺病病例,以明确疾病的原因。此前,电子烟曾被普遍认为比传统香烟更健康,但近年来,电子烟中尼古丁、甲醛等物质的危害性开始受到关注。8月30日,最新的调查进展显示,研究人员发现电子烟中含有的THC或是罪魁祸首。

What We Know About Mysterious Vaping Linked Illness Death

洛克菲勒创建的埃克森美孚烯烃工厂发生爆炸!

2019年7月31日位于美国休斯敦市东侧的埃克森美孚烯烃工厂发生爆炸和火灾。目前,共造成66人受伤,周围的学校也受到影响。该工厂是世界上最大的乙烯工厂之一。目前,正与监管机构合作,对空气质量进行监测。贝城市政府发表声明称,上午11时,该工厂的一座炼化塔发生火灾。这一设施含有聚丙烯材料。该材料很容易被热,火花或火焰点燃,并与空气形成爆炸性混合物。任何暴露在火中的气瓶都可能通过减压装置排出和释放可燃气体。并且,蒸汽可能会在没有警告的情况下引起头晕或窒息。接触气体或液化气体也会导致灼伤,严重伤害或冻伤。具体的爆炸原因还在调查当中。

Explosion, fire at Exxon Mobil Baytown plant injures 37


图片来源:sciencebeta


气候变化和过度捕捞可致海鱼毒素含量增加

海鱼是许多人群的营养来源,但也是神经毒素甲基汞暴露的一大来源。8月7日,在最新发表于《自然》杂志的一项研究中,科学家分析了大西洋西北部缅因湾超过30年的生态系统、沉积物和海水中甲基汞含量的数据,发现从上世纪70年代到本世纪前10年,大西洋鳕组织中的甲基汞含量升高了23%。作者认为,这种转变是由过度捕捞造成的食性转变导致的——过度捕捞让鳕鱼对甲基汞含量较高的大型鲱鱼和龙虾等猎物的依赖度上升。研究还发现,从1969年起,海水温度的持续上升可能导致大西洋蓝鳍金***鱼体内甲基汞含量升高了约56%。

Climate change and overfishing increase neurotoxicant in marine predators


北极的雪里发现塑料碎片,发现是跟着雪花从天上降下来的

8月19日,据Vice报道,最近一群德国和瑞士的科学家发现 ,即使是在长期以来被认为是 “地球上最后一块净土” 的北极,雪地里也含有大量的塑料微粒,在科学家采集的21份北极雪样本中,20份里面都有塑料微粒和纤维。他们还算了算这些微粒的数量,结果发现每升雪中,塑料微粒能有10000个。在这些塑料中,他们发现了大量的清漆 —— 一种非常常见的用作船舶、车辆和建筑物涂层的塑料。此外,还有聚苯乙烯和 PVC 等。据推测,推测,这些塑料微粒都是通过大气运过来的,在它穿过大气层的过程中,雪与空气中的颗粒和污染物结合,最终沉积在地球表面。

White and wonderful? Microplastics prevail in snow from the Alps to the Arctic


小心!法国近百种清洁用品有“毒”!

据8月27日出版的法国《6000万消费者》杂志所作的一项调查显示,在一些房屋清洁日用品当中带有毒性成分,即不利于消费者的健康,又对环境造成污染。杂志自发针对一些产品以这种制度进行了评估。他们将108个产品分成8类,以所标出的产品成分为基础,而不考虑其有效性。这些产品包括多用途清洁剂、清洁湿巾、厨房或卫生间用喷雾剂、拖布、地面洗涤剂、马桶清洁灵等等。评估结果令人感到惊讶,有些消毒品和清洁湿巾基本不起作用,而且该杂志还建议消费者避免使用带有漂白水(Eau de Javel)成分的产品,因为这对眼睛和呼吸道都有危害。他们也建议避免使用块状马桶清洁剂,因为这非常污染环境。

Consommation : “60 millions de consommateurs” alerte sur des produits ménagers toxiques


团队介绍

“无毒先锋”致力于抗击“隐形污染”,消除有毒化学品对中国人群的健康影响。目前工作聚焦于二噁英、铅、镉、毒塑料的污染防治上,并主要通过科普传播、政策研究、独立检测、社区互动、多元协作的方式,努力提升化学品环境管理在环保体系中的重要性。

支持单位

本次简讯是“深圳市零废弃环保公益事业发展中心”实施的“化学品管理民间网络与能力建设”项目的一部分,是由联合国开发计划署负责管理的全球环境基金小额赠款计划支持的。


同时感谢北京市企业家环保基金会(阿拉善SEE)提供部分资金支持。本文内容及意见仅代表主办单位的观点,与阿拉善SEE的立场或政策无关。

愿景:“无毒中国”——中国再无有毒化学品污染受害者。