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【避毒简讯】2020年01月-02月

2020/3/13 23:44:11



国内新闻CHINA NEWS

//天子岭垃圾填埋场意外事故1人抢救无效死亡//

杭州市环境集团1月1日13时通报,五名工人们在天子岭填埋场进行垃圾填埋作业时,因填埋需掀起填埋区原有的塑料覆膜,在作业过程中突遇沼气。


其中,王某(40岁,河南宜阳县人)因吸入过量沼气经抢救无效死亡。另外四名当事工人无生命危险,正在留院观察。目前天子岭垃圾填埋场库区运营作业正常。


//One person died in the accident of Tian Ziling landfill//

Hangzhou Environmental Group announced at 13:00 on January 1 that when five workers were carrying out the landfill operation in Tian Ziling landfill, due to the need of landfill, they had to lift the original plastic film in the landfill area and suddenly encountered methane in the process of operation.


Among them, Wang (40 years old, from Yiyang County, Henan Province) died of ineffective rescue after inhaling excessive biogas. The other four workers were in hospital for observation and were not in danger of life. At present, the operation of Tianziling landfill area is normal.


http://news.sina.com.cn/o/2020-01-01/doc-iihnzhfz9667280.shtml

//回力童鞋被检出增塑剂超标//

近日,上海回力鞋业有限公司被国家市场监管总局官网通报,其童鞋样品在抽查中为不合格产品,不合格原因为样品中邻苯二甲酸酯含量超标。


据了解,邻苯二甲酸酯常作为增塑剂添加在鞋类制品中,是一类环境激素。其含有较弱的雌激素成分,能通过呼吸、饮食和皮肤接触进入人体,对人体健康造成危害。对于儿童而言,它会危害肝脏和肾脏,也可引起性早熟。


//Plasticizer detected in Huili children's shoes exceeds the standard//

Recently, Shanghai Huili Shoes Co., Ltd. was informed by the official website of the State Administration of market supervision that its samples of children's shoes were unqualified products in the spot check, and the unqualified reason was that the phthalate content in the samples exceeded the standard.


It is understood that phthalates are often added to footwear as plasticizers. It contains weak estrogen, which can enter the human body through breathing, diet and skin contact, causing harm to human health. For children, it can damage the liver and kidney, and also cause precocious puberty.


https://baijiahao.baidu.com/s?id=1654937426022453247&wfr=spider&for=pc

//中国加大塑料污染防治力度//

根据中国国家发改委和生态环境部星期天联合发布的指导方针,中国计划逐步限制一次性塑料制品的生产、使用和销售,从塑料袋到快递包装,同时还推广其他方法来改进回收利用塑料的速率和减少塑料的数量送到垃圾填埋场。


北师大环境史博士毛达认为,这一期待已久的指导方针是一项“里程碑式的政策”,它将取代2008年之前的塑料禁令,并制定新的五年目标,打击塑料污染。不过,他补充说,鼓励个人使用可生物降解塑料,而不是减少塑料的使用,从长远来看只会损害环境。


//China intensifies campaign against plastic pollution//

According to the guideline co-published Sunday by China's National Development and Reform Commission and Ministry of Ecology and Environment, the country aims to gradually limit the production, use, and sale of single-use plastic items--from plastic bags to delivery packages--while also promoting alternative means to improve the recycling rate of plastic and reduce the amount of plastic sent to landfills.


Mao Da, a doctor of environmental history at Beijing Normal University, sees the long-awaited guideline as a "milestone policy" to replace the previous 2008 plastic ban and set new five-year goals combatting plastic pollution. However, he added that encouraging individuals to use biodegradable plastic, rather than reducing plastic use, would only hurt the environment in the long run.


http://sputniknews.cn/china/202001211030497481/

//“二手塑料”含毒性塑化剂!//

近日,在中国郑州火车站附近批发市场内从事多年玩具销售批发的业内人士爆料,临近春节后,他发现市场上出现很多“二手塑料”玩具。


据了解,“二手塑料”里含有害重金属和有毒的塑化剂,会对人体产生伤害。尤其是“二手塑料”制成的玩具被孩子长期接触,很可能会导致孩子出现慢性中毒,给孩子的健康成长带来严重影响。


//"Second hand plastic" contains toxic plasticizer!//

Recently, a professional who has been engaged in toy sales and wholesale for many years in the wholesale market near Zhengzhou railway station in China revealed that after the Spring Festival, he found many "second-hand plastic" toys appeared in the market.


It is understood that "second-hand plastic" contains harmful heavy metals and toxic plasticizers, which will cause harm to human body. In particular, if the toys made of "second-hand plastic" are exposed to children for a long time, it is likely to lead to chronic poisoning of children, which will have a serious impact on their healthy growth.


https://news.ctoy.com.cn/show-35345.html

//新冠肺炎疫情下医疗废物如何处置?//

新冠肺炎疫情期间,口罩、防护服和其他大量医疗物资被快速消耗掉,同时也就产生了大量具有感染性的医疗废物。如果这些医疗废物处理不当,必然会引发二次感染,导致疫情继续蔓延。那么这些医疗废物可以如何处置呢?


生态环境部于2020年1月28日提出以下几点,即:各地在确保处置效果的前提下,可以选择:可移动式医疗废物处置设施、危险废物焚烧设施等设施应急处置肺炎疫情医疗废物,实行定点管理;也可以按照应急处置跨区域协同机制,将相关医疗废物转运至临近地区医疗废物集中处置设施处置。


//During novel coronavirus pneumonia, how should people deal with medical waste?//

During the novel coronavirus pneumonia, masks, protective clothing and other large quantities of medical materials were consumed quickly, and then a large number of infectious medical wastes were generated. If these medical wastes are not treated properly, it will inevitably lead to secondary infection, leading to the spread of the epidemic. So how can these medical wastes be disposed?


On January 28, 2020, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment put forward the following points: under the premise of ensuring the disposal effect, all localities can choose some facilities for emergency disposal of medical waste from pneumonia epidemic, such as mobile medical waste disposal facilities, hazardous waste incineration facilities, etc.; they can also transfer relevant medical waste, according to the cross regional collaborative mechanism of emergency disposal, to nearby medical waste centralized disposal facilities for disposal.


https://www.sohu.com/a/375992120_276904

//利比里亚籍船舶发生丙烯泄漏事故//

据报道,一艘装载了2400吨液态丙烯的利比里亚籍轮船(GAS PRODIGY),于2月10日16时进靠福州中江化工码头卸货。码头作业人员检查时发现,该轮1号货舱的1号货泵法兰出现裂缝并发生丙烯气体泄露。


据了解,丙烯常温下为无色、稍带有甜味的气体,属于极度易燃品,现场有燃烧爆炸风险。目前专业检修队伍正在处理中。


//Propylene leakage from Liberian ships//

It is reported that a Liberian ship (GAS PRODIGY) carrying 2400 tons of liquid propylene entered Fuzhou Zhongjiang chemical terminal at 16:00 on February 10 for unloading. During the inspection, the dock operators found that the flange of cargo pump 1 in cargo hold 1 of the ship had cracks and propylene gas leakage.


It is understood that propylene is a colorless, slightly sweet gas under normal temperature, which is extremely flammable, and there is a risk of combustion and explosion on site. At present, the professional maintenance team is in the process of processing.


https://m.sohu.com/a/373060204_276266

//辽宁葫芦岛一企业突发爆炸!//

2020年2月11日19时50分左右,位于中国葫芦岛经济开发区的辽宁先达农业科学有限公司烯草酮车间发生一起爆炸事故。消防部门在得知消息后第一时间赶往现场进行救援。经初步确认,事故造成2人死亡、3人失联、6人受伤,受伤人员已送至医院救治,无生命危险。


//A sudden explosion of an enterprise in Huludao, Liaoning!//

At about 19:50 on February 11, 2020, an explosion occurred in the enoxazone workshop of Liaoning Xianda Agricultural Science Co., Ltd. located in Huludao Economic Development Zone. The fire department rushed to the scene for rescue as soon as they got the news. According to preliminary confirmation, 2 people died, 3 people lost contact and 6 people were injured in the accident. The injured people have been sent to the hospital for treatment and there is no life danger.


https://baijiahao.baidu.com/s?id=1658280968196568726&wfr=spider&for=pc

国际新闻INTERNATIONAL NEWS

//横田基地附近油井发现大量不安全化学品//

在横田空军基地附近的一口井中检测到大量有害有机化学物质,日本当局怀疑污染可能是由于东京西部的美军设施活动所致。


东京都政府指出,污染程度约为美国饮用水卫生咨询机构设定水平的19倍。官员们要求国防部与美国军方联系,以确定空军基地内地下水中此类化学物质的含量,但至今没有得到任何回应。

//High level of unsafe chemicals found in well near Yokota base//

http://www.asahi.com/ajw/articles/AJ202001060037.html

//疑增塑剂DBP超标,宜家全球召回旅行杯 //

邻苯二甲酸二丁酯(DBP)是一种常见的增塑剂,属于3类致癌物。具有睪丸、精子的生殖毒性,可能导致婴儿生殖器畸形、女童性早熟、男童有女性化倾向等问题。


据悉,宜家近期收到的检测报告显示,该旅行杯中邻苯二甲酸二丁酯(DBP)的迁移量可能超过规定的限值。因此,2020年1月15日上午9时,宜家发布产品召回通告,敦促所有购买了“印度制造”的TROLIGTVIS特鲁利维斯旅行杯的消费者尽快停止使用该产品,同时亦敦促拥有该旅行杯的消费者将产品退回任意宜家商场,商场将全额退款。

//Ikea recalls travel cups after discovering DBP, a plasticizer, was found to be excessive//

https://world.huanqiu.com/article/9CaKrnKoVnQ

//最后一批进口垃圾被送回韩国//

据报道,1月19日,一批危险废物被装上60辆集装箱货车(共计5177公吨,且大部分是塑料垃圾),装上一艘国际轮船,从位于菲律宾米萨米斯东方塔哥洛安的棉兰老岛集装箱码头分港出发,前往韩国平泽市。


环境活动人士敦促菲律宾政府禁止所有类型的废物进口,并再次呼吁外国回收本国垃圾。相关人员表示,这些废物应该在产生这些废物的国家回收、处理或处置,而不是倾倒在菲律宾这样的贫穷国家。

//Last batch of imported trash sent back to South Korea//

 https://globalnation.inquirer.net/183235/last-batch-of-imported-         trash-sent-back-to-south-korea#ixzz6BWBE48mH

//海豚体内存在大量违禁化学物质//

在澳大利亚大堡礁水域中的两种易危海豚的组织中,科学家发现了包括杀虫剂DDT,PCBs(多氯联苯)和HCBs在内的长期被禁止使用的化学物质。同时,科学家指出,在2010年~2015年间,澳洲短平鼻海豚和驼背海豚的组织中的化学物质含量增加了三倍,有些甚至增加得更多。


虽然这些化学成分在澳大利亚和其他许多国家已经被禁止使用,但由于它们是持久性污染物,所以这些化学物质不容易分解,可以存放几十年。因此它们与海豚的大规模死亡有关,它们会影响海豚的免疫系统,使海豚更容易感染其他疾病。

//High levels of banned chemicals in dolphins//

http://www.bixiaoye.com/xinwen/gundong/202001317780.html

//追求发展而不顾牺牲环境的代价//

曼谷的海滨邻居龙仔厝府(Samut Sakhon)有很多海鲜加工厂、铁厂和回收厂。官方数据显示,工业使该省富裕起来,一跃成为国内GDP的前五大贡献省份。


但泰国生态预警与恢复组织(一个著名的监测工业污染的环保组织)的负责人彭重唐(Penchom Tang)说,龙仔厝府可能是泰国污染最严重的省份之一。他表示,这在一定程度上是由于其大多数工厂都是中小型企业,因为政府没有针对大型环境基础设施的进行系统的计划或投资。

//Pursuing development at the cost of the environment//

https://www.bangkokpost.com/thailand/special-reports/1853759/pollution-taints-seaside-communitys-prosperity

//欧盟将禁止回收这种危害儿童智力的材料//

近日,欧盟提交了撤销“PBDE回收豁免”的信函,明确表示欧盟将禁止回收含有多溴二苯醚的有毒材料。这一材料主要来自废弃的电子设备,正在污染循环流程,以及那些由回收塑料重新制成的产品。


环境保护人士对欧盟的决定表示赞赏,并鼓励加拿大、日本等其余六个拥有“PBDE回收豁免”的国家积极效仿。

//

The EU will ban the recycling of materials that harm children's intelligence

//

https://ipen.org/news/eu-withdraws-its-toxic-recycling-exemption