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【避毒简讯】2019年09月-10月

2020/2/5 15:20:42



国内新闻CHINA NEWS




//沧州一化工厂因停电致阀门失灵,48公斤氯气泄漏//

据河北省沧州市海兴经济开发管委会通报,9月6日23时左右,海兴一诺化工有限公司因停电导致阀门失灵,企业值班人员及时采取措施进行了处置,期间造成约48公斤氯气泄漏,17人被留院观察。

据了解,沧州发生氯气泄漏事件此前已有先例,并且还出现了2人死亡的严重事件如:2017年5月13日凌晨3时30分,河北省沧州市利兴特种橡胶股份有限公司发生氯气泄漏事故,导致该公司现场员工及附近人员中毒,周边群众一千余人被紧急疏散,事故造成2人死亡、25人入院治疗。

//With failure of the valve caused by blackout in a Chemical Plant in Cangzhou City, 48kilos of chlorine were leaked//
Around 23:00 p.m. on 6th September, the failure of the valve caused by blackout happened in Yinuo Chemical Company in Haixing, although its operator on duty took measures in time, about 48kilos of chlorine were leaked and 17 people were hospitalized, according to the Committee of Haixing Economic development in Cangzhou City, Hebei Province.

It is knew that there's a precedent related to the chlorine leak that happened before in Cangzhou, which killed two people. For example, at 03:30 a.m. on May 13rd, 2017, the chlorine leak accident happened in Lixing Special Rubber Liability Company in Cangzhou City, Hebei Province, which caused its workers and people around the company get poisoned and over 1000 people around were evacuated. This accident resulted in two deaths and 25 people being hospitalized.

https://www.seoxiehui.cn/article-158507-1.html



//北京曝光7批次不合格童鞋,两批次毒性塑化剂超标//
9月11日,北京市市场监督管理局公布了全市儿童鞋类商品质量抽检结果,7批次儿童鞋不合格,主要问题为邻苯二甲酸酯含量、甲醛、重金属总量等不符合相关标准要求。

其中,两批次产品邻苯二甲酸酯超标,几米熊、足盟被点名;歌瑞家和一号屋两批次童鞋甲醛超标;丫丫官、比比熊两批次童鞋重金属总量不合格。

//7 batches of unqualified children shoes were exposed in Beijing, within 2 batches of toxic plasticizers being overweight//
On 11st September, the Industry and Commerce Bureau of Beijing released the sampling results of children shoes' quality in the whole city: 7 batches of children shoes were unqualified. The content of phthalate, formaldehyde and the total heavy metals didn't meet the relevant requirements, which proved to be the main problems.

Among these 7 batches, 2 batches of shoes were out of limit in phthalate. Jimi Bear and ZuMeng were both named in this result. Two of Great Family and Yihaowu were out of limit in formaldehyde. Another two of Yayaguan and Bibixiong were unqualified in the total heavy metals.

http://www.sohu.com/a/340510177_120064920



//迪士尼童装曝出质量问题,召回640件PH值超标儿童服装//
据上海市市场监督管理局微信公众号消息,近日,上海国际主题乐园有限公司主动向上海市市场监管局备案了召回计划。

自2019年9月29日起至2019年12月28日止召回品牌为迪士尼的米妮礼服/戏服,中国大陆地区待召回数量640件。本次召回范围内的米妮礼服/戏服粉红色面料pH值超标,可能对儿童皮肤产生刺激。

//Quality problems were exposed in Disney Children's Wear; 640 clothes with excessively high PH would be recalled//
Recently, Shanghai international theme park limited company has actively put records on the recall program towards the Market Supervision and Administration of Shanghai city, according to the WeChat Official Account of the Market Supervision and Administration of Shanghai.

From 29th September 2019 to 28th December 2019, it recalls its Minnie dresses and costumes. 640 clothes are being recalled in Mainland China. These Minnie dresses and costumes got excessively high PH in their pink fabric, which might stimulate children's skin.

http://www.chinairn.com/news/20191012/091413947.shtml



//10家环保机构积极建言《国家危险废物名录(修订稿)》//
10月10日,10家环保类的机构联署向生态环境部提交了关于《国家危险废物名录(修订稿)》征求意见稿的修改建议。

《国家危险废物名录》是为了防治固体废物污染环境,保障人体健康,根据《中华人民共和国固体废物污染环境防治法》的有关规定制定的。

//10 environmental protection agencies have made positive suggestions on National Hazardous Waste List (revised)//
On 10th October, ten environmental protection agencies have jointly submitted proposals to the Ministry of Ecology and Environment on revising the draft of the National Hazardous Waste List (revised).

The National Hazardous Waste List is meant to prevent and control solid waste pollution of the environment and to protect people's health, which is formulated in accordance with the relevant provisions of the law of the People's Republic of China on the prevention and control of environmental pollution by solid waste.

http://www.sohu.com/a/340080001_120057946



//江门11人走私超过3000吨化工废料,最高获刑13年!//
10月14日,江门市中级人民法院一审公开宣判了庞某辉等11人犯走私废物罪一案。该团伙从日本、韩国等国购买废塑料后,经香港转运泰国、越南,缅甸再偷运到广东一带销售。初步查证涉嫌走私废塑料3000多吨。

//11 people in Jiangmen City smuggled over 3000 tons of chemical wastes and someone got a jail term of up to 13 years//
On 14th October, Jiangmen Intermediate People's Court announced publicly its first-instance judgement on the case that 11 people, include Pang Mouhui, committed the crime of smuggling wastes. After purchasing wastes from Japan, Korea and other countries, the gang transferred them from there to Thailand, Burma and other countries with transshipment at HongKong and then secretly transported them to Guangdong province and sold them there. The preliminary verification showed that they were suspected of smuggling over 3000 tons of waste plastics.

http://www.china-hc.com.cn/zxzx/9273.html



//中国化工厂爆炸造成4人死亡//
2019年10月15日11时10分左右,位于广西壮族自治区玉林市的广西兰科新材料科技有限公司发生爆炸事故。事故造成至少4人死亡、6人受伤。

经初步调查,该企业作为铸造机械制造类企业,违规擅自建设化工项目,盲目进行试生产,其树脂车间一台10立方米常压反应釜在试生产期间突然发生爆炸。

尽管中国政府一直在努力加强安全,并打击为其提供便利的腐败。最近几个月却发生好几起类似事故,并造成数十名中国人死亡。例如,10月15日,辽宁省朝阳市金垚化工产品有限公司在设备抢修时发生硫化氢气体中毒事故,造成3人死亡。

//China chemical plant explosion killed 4 people//
Around 11:10 a.m. on 15th October 2019, an explosion occurred at Guangxi Lanke New Material Science and Technology Company, Yulin City, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. The accident killed at least four people and injured six.

According to the tentative investigation, as a foundry machinery manufacturing enterprise, it started chemical projects without authorization and began trial production without destination. During its trial production, a reactor consisting of 10 steres, under the ordinary pressure, suddenly exploded in its resin-shops.

Despite a push to boost safety and crack down on the corruption that facilitates it,several similar accidents in recent months happened and killed scores of Chinese. For example, on 15th October, poisoning cases caused by hydrogen sulfide happened when workers were repairing apparatus in Jinyao Chemical Company, Chaoyang City, Liaoning Province.

http://www.ccin.com.cn/detail/8a26f1f1bf33808438ac739ce8f54215


图片来源:一小学学生返回校园上课,学生们领取新课本,迎接新学期的到来。中新社发 司马天民摄


//教育部办公厅等四部门印发通知:学校不得强制学生使用塑料书皮//
10月24日,据教育部网站消息,教育部办公厅等四部门近日印发《关于在中小学落实Xi Jinping生态文明思想、增强生态环境意识的通知》。

《通知》要求,学校要努力实现“无塑开学季”。因为一方面,使用塑料容易造成白色污染;另一方面,有些不合格的塑料书皮含有甲醛和苯,对于儿童的神经系统和体格发育有影响。

//The general office of the Ministry of Education and other four departments issued the notice: schools should not force students to use plastic book covers//
On 24th October, according to the Ministry of Education website, the general office of the Ministry of Education and other four departments have issued a notice on the implementation of Xi Jinping thought on ecological civilization and the enhancement of ecological and environmental awareness in primary and secondary schools.

This notice asks for schools to make their efforts to achieve a "plastic-free school season". Because on the one hand, the use of plastic are easy to cause white pollution. On the other hand, some substandard plastic book covers contain formaldehyde and benzene, which affect children's nervous system and physical development.


http://education.news.cn/2019-10/24/c_1125146581.htm


国际新闻INTERNATIONAL NEWS





//潜伏在你家中的毒塑料//
一项由德国社会生态研究所开展的研究结果发表于著名期刊《环境科学与技术》,这是迄今为止对塑料制品中的毒性和化学物质最全面的研究。

这项分析涵盖八种主要的塑料材质类型:聚氯乙烯(PVC)、聚氨酯(PUR、聚对苯二甲酸乙二酯PET)、聚苯乙烯(PS)、聚丙烯(PP)、高密度聚乙烯(HDPE)、低密度聚乙烯(LDPE)和聚乳酸(PLA)。

该研究分析了34种广泛使用的塑料制品中的化学成分,包括与食物接触的塑料包装,如可重复灌装的饮料瓶、软糖包装、酸奶杯、水果托盘等。其主要发现有:74%的塑料提取物中含有有毒化学物质,其能触发至少一个与影响人体健康相关的端点等。
//The poisonous plastic lurking in your home//

https://weibo.com/ttarticle/p/show?id=2309404423694708506686




//瑞典计划征收垃圾焚烧和塑料袋税//
据《瑞典日报》9月17日报道,瑞典政府将在9月18日公布的秋季预算法案中提出,拟征收新的垃圾焚烧税和塑料袋税。垃圾焚烧税采用累进税率,拟自2020年4月1日起征收,此举预计将减少垃圾发电公司的利润。

据了解,瑞典共有 34 座焚烧厂,还有 1 座在计划中。这 34 座焚烧厂的总焚烧能力为 665 万吨每年。2015年,34 座焚烧厂共处理了 580 万吨垃圾,其中 230 万吨是瑞典国内的生活垃圾,约 150 万吨是进口的垃圾,其余为瑞典的工业垃圾。
//Avfall Sverige – the Swedish Waste Management Association//

https://www.avfallsverige.se/in-english/




//美国敦促泰国推迟对杀虫剂的禁令//

10月7日,泰国农业部发布了有关草甘膦、百草枯和毒死蜱三种农药的审查实施指引,指引包括限制及取消使用。据了解,这三类农药为有毒化学物质的产品。
10月24日,美国农业部呼吁泰国推迟对农用化学草甘膦的禁令。因为它说该禁令将中断泰国每年在美国以及其他贸易伙伴那里进口的大豆、小麦、咖啡、苹果、葡萄和其他农产品,这些产品价值510亿泰铢。
//US Urges Thailand to Delay Ban on Pesticide//
https://www.nationthailand.com/news/30377722

http://m.agropages.com/news/detail-14999.htm




//操场上的铅含量达到危险水平//
10月20日,菲律宾环保组织生态废弃物联盟指出,目前,一些操场对孩子们来说不安全。因为他们发现,操场上的某些游戏设备中含有危险的高水平的铅。
相关工作人员指出,户外游乐场设施漆面检出高含量的铅,这令人感到非常担忧和无法接受。油漆经过反复使用和日晒雨淋会变质,然后,儿童可能会摄入进入灰尘和土壤里的油漆。
//Dangerous levels of lead found in playgrounds//

http://earththailand.org/en/article/664




//美国哈穆尔加油站丙烷泄漏事故//
10月26日上午10点15分左右,美国加利福尼亚州哈穆尔县Arco加油站发生丙烷泄漏事故。该加油站位于94号高速公路上。至当天11点26分,加州消防局表示,气体泄漏已得到缓解,94号公路已重新开放。

泄漏的丙烷来自加油站的一个6000加仑的油罐。据了解,丙烷有单纯性窒息及麻醉作用,属于易燃气体。与空气混合能形成爆炸性混合物,遇热源和明火有燃烧爆炸的危险。
//Propane Leak Controlled at Arco Gas Station in Jamul//

https://www.nbcsandiego.com/news/local/Officials-Responding-to-Gas-Leak-at-Arco-Gas-Station-in-Jamul-563913991.html




//煤气罐爆炸导致孟加拉国五名在校儿童死亡//
10月30日上午8点7分左右,孟加拉国某学校外一用来给气球充气的气瓶发生爆炸事故。事故已导致至少5名儿童死亡,17人受伤。

据当地警察说明,爆炸发生时,一供应商正在向住在首都达卡的鲁普纳加尔贫民窟的孩子们出售气球。事故发生后,该供应商被抓捕。虽然爆炸原因尚未查明,但很清楚地是,在南亚一些地区,商贩们对不合格气瓶的使用十分猖獗。
//Gas cylinder explosion kills five children outside school in Bangladesh//

https://www.minsterfm.com/news/world/2981092/gas-cylinder-explosion-kills-five-children-outside-school-in-bangladesh/


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本次简讯是“深圳市零废弃环保公益事业发展中心”实施的“化学品管理民间网络与能力建设”项目的一部分,是由联合国开发计划署负责管理的全球环境基金小额赠款计划支持的。


同时感谢北京市企业家环保基金会(阿拉善SEE)提供部分资金支持。本文内容及意见仅代表主办单位的观点,与阿拉善SEE的立场或政策无关。




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