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【避毒简讯】2018年11月-2018年12月

2019-6-13 20:05:33

国内新闻

CHINA NEWS

追问’6.97吨碳九泄露量’真相

11月4日,福建东港石油化工实业有限公司执行碳九装船,造成“6.97吨碳九泄露”。民众对泄露量发出质疑,为此,泉州市政府成立调查组,勘查事故原因。11月15日-19日,环保志愿者向政府、区环保局、港口管理局等相关机构申请信息公开,各部门均答复,碳九量测算不在其职责范围。


Inquiry About the Truth of ‘6.97 Tons of C9 Leakage’

On 4th, November, Fujian East Port Petroleum Industrial Corporation Ltd. was executing a C9 shipment task, causing ‘6.97 tons of C9 leakage’. The public expressed their doubts about the leakage volume. Therefore, Quanzhou municipal government established a investigation group, looking into causes of the incidents. During 15th and 19th, November, environmental volunteers asked the local government, Environmental Protection Bureau, Port Administration Bureau and other related organisations for information disclosure. They all replied that, the measurement of C9 volume was not part of their duties. 

张家口的爆燃事故初步结论:氯乙烯泄露!一场氢能“危机”就此结束?

11月28日,河北张家口一段公路发生燃爆事故。大量报道均提及,事故由运输制氢生产用乙炔泄露引起,进而引发了业界和公众对氢能产业和中国氢燃料汽车的质疑。目前,国内氢能产业虽发展显著,却面临整体投入不足、技术水平不高等瓶颈,公众亦是“谈氢色变“。11月30日,当地市政府公布初步调查结果,称燃爆由化工公司的氯乙烯气柜泄露遇明火引起,澄清了制氢厂的责任。 


The Initial Conclusion of the Zhangjiakou Deflagration Incident: Vinyl Chloride Leakage! The End of Hydrogen Energy ‘Crisis’?

On 28th, November, there was a deflagration incident on a road of Zhangjiakou, Hebei Province. Many media reports mentioned, the ethyne transported and used for hydrogen production caused the explosion. This aroused public’s suspicion upon hydrogen-fueled cars. Nowadays, even if the hydrogen energy industries has made great progress, there are still some obstacles, such as the total input is not enough, the technique level is low, and the public react negatively upon hydrogen. On 30th, November, the local municipal government announced the initial investigation results, claiming that the deflagration was caused by vinyl chloride which contacted with naked fire. This clarifies the innocence of hydrogen production industries.  


国产名酒被曝塑化剂超标近3倍,毒性是三聚氰胺20倍…

日前,西凤年份酒被曝毒性是三聚氰胺的20倍。 根据酒业检测报告,西凤年份酒的邻苯二甲酸异丁酯(DIBP,俗称“增塑剂”)检测结果为1.44mg/kg,报告为限值0.5mg/kg;邻苯二甲酸二正丁酯(DBP,俗称“塑化剂”)检测结果为1.02mg/kg,对应限值为0.3mg/kg。两项塑化相关化学添加剂的含量均接近限定标准的三倍。


塑化剂超标对人体有严重危害。长期食用塑化剂超标的食品,会损害男性生殖能力,促使女性性早熟以及对免疫系统和消化系统造成伤害,甚至会毒害人类基因。


The Domestic Vintage Wine Is Exposed to Surpassing the Plasticiser Standard for 3 Times, the Toxicology of Which is 20 Times Higher Than That of Melamine…

Recently, West Phoenix Vintage Wine has been exposed to contain toxicology that is 20 times higher than melamine. According to the test report of wine industries, West Phoenix vintaged wine contains a test volume of 1.44mg/kg Diisobutyl Phthalate (DIBP, also called ‘plasticiser’) , and the reported limited volume is 0.5 mg/kg. While the Dibutyl Phthalate (DBP, also called ‘plasticizer’) test volume is 1.02 mg/kg, and the limited volume is 0.3 mg/kg. The volumes of two plasticizer related chemical additives are both almost 3 times higher than the limited standard. 


The Plasticizer surpassing given standards can severely damage the human body. Continuously eating the food containing too much consuming plasticizer, can damage the fertility of males, lead to precocious puberty of females, as well as damage the immune system and digest system. And what’s worse, it can poison the human genes. 


注意!这些洗面奶被检出可致敏防腐剂,长期使用可致头痛、呕吐

《选择》快讯11月15日报道,近日,香港消费者委员会测试市面60款洁面产品,发现13款含不同防腐剂,其中3款样本含有可致敏防腐剂MIT,4款样本含有可致敏防腐剂游离甲醛,5款样本含酒精成分异丙醇,如频密使用相关产品就有机会令皮肤干燥。


Attention! These Facial Cleansers Are Tested to Contain Allergen Preservatives. Using For A Long Term Can Result in Headache and Vomit. 

On 15th, November, according to the 'Choices' News, Hong kong Consumer Council tested 60 kinds of facial cleanser products, finding that 13 of them contains different kinds of preservatives. 3 samples have allergen-preservatives-contained MIT. 4 samples were tested to have allergen- preservatives-contained free formaldehyde. 5 samples have alcohol-contained-isopropanol. If using the relevant products frequently, the skins will become dry. 

“被工厂包围的小学”系列调查:广州一小学现刺鼻气味 师生身体不适 501名学生请假

中国之声《新闻纵横》11月28日报道:广州市黄埔区贤江小学,自今年11月以来,陆续有多名学生出现了头晕呕吐、皮肤过敏等症状,导致贤江小学开始停课。该小学地处城乡结合部的工业园区内,卫星地图显示,涉事学校周围工厂林立,包括塑料制品、金属材料、化工、纺织在内大大小小的公司共有十几个,学校大门对面就有一个塑料厂和垃圾回收站。对此,区环保局对周边工厂进行环境管控。经11月16日9:20至10:50时段进行溯源分析,该时段内,贤江小学主要受到南部工程塑料公司的影响。


The Serial Investigation on ‘The Elementary School Surrounded by Industries’: A Elementary School in Guangzhou has Poignant Odour. Students and Teachers Are Not Feeling Well. 501 Students Are Absent from The School. 

On 28th, November, according to 'News & Event', Sound of China, students in Xianjiang Elementary School, Guangzhou, had symptoms such as dizziness, vomiting, and skin allergies, leading to the class suspension. It seems that the surrounding industries caused students to feel not well. There are plastic production, metal material, chemical engineering, and textile industries around the school. And there are a plastic industry and a waste recycling station on the opposite of the school gate. To tackle with the problem, district environmental protect bureau launched environmental control on the neighbourhood industries. According to the tracing analysis of the time between 9.20 and 10.50 of 16th, November, during that time, Xianjiang Elementary School is mainly affected by Southern Engineering Plastic Company. 


粘胶纤维 (Viscose) 大行其道,如何解决生产过程中的环保问题?

随着快时尚业的崛起,服装生产过程中对环境造成的影响日益加重。例如环保组织CanopyStyle收集的数据显示,在生产中,粘胶纤维所使用的溶解木浆对木材的浪费率高达70%,应用在服装产业的粘胶纤维中,有30%的原料由古树林中的树木和濒危树种组成。为了更好地实现粘胶纤维产业的可持续发展,2018年3月,中国成立绿色发展联盟,同年8月,该组织发布了为期三年的产业计划,旨在促进粘胶纤维采购和生产环节可持续发展。


Viscose becomes widely used. How to deal with the environmental impacts during its production? Summarising the recent measurements in the industry. 

The fashion industry is rapidly developing, while the clothes manufacturers have caused more and more environmental impacts. For instance, according to the data of an environmental organization, Canopy Style, during production process, the dissolving pulp used by viscose has caused 70% wastage of timbers. The viscose applied in clothes manufacturing, is made up of ancient forest trees and endangered tree species. To better maintain the sustainable development of viscose industry, on March, 2018, Collaboration for Sustainable Development of Viscose was established in China. On August, it published the 3 year duration industrial plan, which aims to maintain the sustainability of viscose procurement and production. 


国际新闻

INTERNATIONAL NEWS

太平洋岛国帕劳成首个为保护珊瑚禁用防晒霜的国家

11月5日。近日,帕劳政府签署了一项法律,限制销售和使用含有十种不同化学品的防晒霜和护肤品,禁令将于2020年生效。科学家认为,这些成分对海洋生物有很高的毒性,并且会使珊瑚褪色。他们尤其担心的两种成分是羟苯甲酮和甲氧肉桂酸辛酯,二者都被用作防晒剂。

SCREENING VISITORS The holiday island of Palau is going to CONFISCATE sun cream from tourists

在韩国大邱自来水中发现有害化学物质

在大邱的自来水中发现有害化学物质后,折扣店和便利店的瓶装水销量大增。据环保部调查,在大邱的自来水中发现了两种全氟化合物—全氟己环磺酸(PFHxS)和全氟辛酸(PFOA),对人体有有害影响,包括对荷尔蒙都有影响。环保部表示采取纠正措施,将Gumi污水处理厂两种全氟化合物的含量降低到其他国家的指导值以下。然而,公众对自来水的恐慌仍在继续。

Harmful chemicals found in Daegu's tap water

最新研究发现:儿童汽车座椅中含有毒阻燃剂

印第安纳大学的科学家在最新的儿童汽车座椅中发现了有毒的阻燃剂,引发了对儿童健康的担忧。研究人员总共测试了来自18个汽车座椅的36种不同的织物和泡沫样品。第一次在北美地区测量到了较高的两种环状膦酸酯(PMMMPs),表明它们被用作已知有害化合物的替代阻燃剂。其他两种新的阻燃剂(三(2,4-二叔丁基苯基)磷酸酯(TDTBPP)和间苯二酚双(二苯基磷酸酯)(RDP))也首次在婴儿用品中测量到。在75%的测试样本中发现了多溴联苯醚(PBDEs)。在四个样品中检测到了较高的十溴二苯乙烷(DBDPE),可能是故意添加使用的。

Toxic flame retardants are in children's car seats


(图片来源:网易汽车)

现实版“谍战”,K2情报机构长期监视反石棉活动家

K2情报机构间谍活动始于2012年,雇佣摩尔,参与“春天计划”项目,渗透和监视国际反石棉网络,该网络在国际上专注于预防石棉相关疾病。摩尔扮演成纪录片制作人,获得反石棉专家的信任。从2012年到2016年,摩尔获取了对K2情报机构的客户有价值的高度机密信息。

2016年10月,反石棉活动家启动了法律诉讼,指控K2情报公司和摩尔。2017年3月,K2的客户身份被披露。

Security firm pays damages to anti-asbestos activists it spied on

美国环保署:GenX不粘涂层对人体有害,即便只是微量接触

11月14日。美国环保署公布调查结果,长期接触目前用于制造不粘涂料的化学品似乎很危险,哪怕只是微量接触。在动物研究中,所谓的GenX不粘涂层有可能在口服接触后影响肾脏、血液、免疫系统、肝脏和发育中的胎儿。这些研究结果将意味着“我们用于取代有毒化合物的化合物也具有毒性。

Draft Toxicity Assessments for GenX Chemicals and PFBS


(图片来源:优优健康网)

再生塑料制成的儿童产品中检出高浓度溴化二恶英

11月23日,一项由非政府组织 Arnika,IPEN,BUND 和 HEAL 联合开展的研究《好一锅毒汤:塑料玩具中的二恶英》发现,由电子垃圾再生塑料制成的物品中有 8 个玩具和 1 个发夹都被检出含有超高浓度的溴化二恶英。该研究的主要作者金德利齐·佩特里克指出,为避免玩具中存在剧毒物质,欧盟及其成员国必须撤销《斯德哥尔摩公约》中的垃圾回收豁免登记制度,并对垃圾中的持久性有机污染物实行更严格的管制,还需要把溴化二恶英列入受控清单中。

Dioxins found in plastic toys – Stricter limits are required to stop toxic chemicals from reappearing in consumer products made from recycled plastic


碱化淡水会生成危险的“化学鸡尾酒”

12月3日。马里兰大学最新研究表明,由于道路除冰盐、化肥,以及其他间接排放入水体的含盐化合物,最近50年,美国的河流盐渍化现象严重。咸水、碱化水会通过河床和流域盆地土壤,释放出一系列化学物质,包括毒金属、有害含氮化合物等,最终汇成“化学鸡尾酒”,严重危害饮用水供给。

Saltier waterways are creating dangerous 'chemical cocktails'

特普朗政府考虑变更奥巴马时期汞规则

12月28日。特普朗政府宣称,将重新考虑对煤电厂毒性汞污染的限制理由,这种污染曾被认为对儿童迟缓发育有影响。在前总统奥巴马执政下,大范围的发电厂遵循要求,安装防控系统或关厂。现在标准仍在执行,但环保部将重估汞限制标准的合理性。特普朗政府的举动代表着煤炭商的利益,或将危害公众健康。据环保部称,每年,美国有超过7.5万的新生儿面临子宫内甲基汞和学习障碍的风险。

Trump administration to consider changes to Obama-era mercury rule

团队介绍

“无毒先锋”致力于抗击“隐形污染”,消除有毒化学品对中国人群的健康影响。目前工作聚焦于二噁英、铅、镉、毒塑料的污染防治上,并主要通过科普传播、政策研究、独立检测、社区互动、多元协作的方式,努力提升化学品环境管理在环保体系中的重要性。

支持单位

本次播报是“深圳市零废弃环保公益事业发展中心”实施的“化学品管理民间网络与能力建设”项目的一部分,是由联合国开发计划署负责管理的全球环境基金小额赠款计划支持的。


同时感谢北京市企业家环保基金会(阿拉善SEE)提供部分资金支持。本文内容及意见仅代表主办单位的观点,与阿拉善SEE的立场或政策无关。

愿景:“无毒中国”——中国再无有毒化学品污染受害者。